Health and health care disparities: the effect of social
Recently the existence and prevalence of health and health care disparities has increased with accompanying research showing that minorities (African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders) are disproportionately affected resulting in poorer health outcomes compared to non-minority populations (whites).
Actived: 1 days ago
Health promotion and health education: advancing the
(1 days ago) Background: Health education and health promotion activities are a fundamental requirement for all health professionals. These two paradigms are closely related but are not inter-dependent. Despite this, it is known that many nurses confuse the terms and use them interchangeably.
Health Literacy, Health Disparities, and Sources of Health
(1 days ago) Background: Low health literacy in older adults has been associated with poor health outcomes (i.e., mortality, decreased physical and cognitive functioning, and less preventive care utilization). Many factors associated with low health literacy are also associated with health disparities. Interaction with healthcare providers and sources of health information are influenced by an individual's
Health facility determinants and trends of ICD-10
(1 days ago) Health facility determinants and trends of ICD-10 outpatient psychiatric consultations across Sofala, Mozambique: time-series analyses from 2012 to 2014 BMC Psychiatry. 2015 Sep 23;15:227. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0609-4. Authors Bradley H
Tannins and human health: a review
(Just Now) Tannins (commonly referred to as tannic acid) are water-soluble polyphenols that are present in many plant foods. They have been reported to be responsible for decreases in feed intake, growth rate, feed efficiency, net metabolizable energy, and protein digestibility in experimental animals. Therefo …
The politics of public health policy
(1 days ago) Politics, for better or worse, plays a critical role in health affairs. The purpose of this article is to articulate a role for political analysis of public health issues, ranging from injury and disease prevention to health care reform. It begins by examining how health problems make it onto the po …
Receipt of evidence-based alcohol-related care in a
(1 days ago) Affiliations 1 Department of Health Systems and Population Health, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D) Center of Innovation for Veteran-Centered and Value-Driven Care, Veterans Affairs (VA) Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98108, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
Vaccine impact: Benefits for human health
(1 days ago) Unlike most drugs, whose benefit is restricted to the individual who takes the drug, prophylactic vaccines have the potential for far-reaching effects that encompass health service utilisation, general health and wellbeing, cognitive development and, ultimately, economic productivity. The impact of …
Managers' Support for Employee Wellness Programs: An
(1 days ago) When designing interventions, health promotion practitioners and researchers should consider strategies that target senior, middle, and line managers' support. Interventions need to include explicit measures of managers' support as part of the evaluation plan.
Exploring stigma as a barrier to cancer service engagement
(1 days ago) 5 Department of Global Health, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. PMID: 27421234 DOI: 10.1002/pon.4215 Abstract Objective: To understand the role of stigma in the delay of cancer service engagement by women with breast cancer in Kampala, Uganda. Background: Women in Sub-Saharan African
Barriers to Health Care Access for Low Income Families: A
(1 days ago) Having a low-income presents a variety of problems for families and children, with access to health care being the most complex and prevalent. Although there are many challenges for low-income families to access adequate health care in the United States, the key barriers identified in this review of …
Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits
(1 days ago) The different compartments of the gastrointestinal tract are inhabited by populations of micro-organisms. By far the most important predominant populations are in the colon where a true symbiosis with the host exists that is a key for well-being and health. For such a microbiota, 'normobiosis' chara …
Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the
(1 days ago) Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.
Health Insurance Coverage and Health
(1 days ago) Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us. Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us N Engl J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):586-593. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb1706645. Epub 2017 Jun 21. Authors Benjamin D Sommers
Health impacts of climate change and health and social
(1 days ago) This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of the special issue were interpreted using social justic …
Happiness and Health
(1 days ago) Research into the relationship between happiness and health is developing rapidly, exploring the possibility that impaired happiness is not only a consequence of ill-health but also a potential contributor to disease risk. Happiness encompasses several constructs, including affective well-being (fee …
Health literacy and public health: a systematic review and
(1 days ago) Background: Health literacy concerns the knowledge and competences of persons to meet the complex demands of health in modern society. Although its importance is increasingly recognised, there is no consensus about the definition of health literacy or about its conceptual dimensions, which limits the possibilities for measurement and comparison.
Health assets: a concept analysis
(1 days ago) Health assets mobilize an individual to engage in deliberation, decision making, and change. Consequences of health assets are positive health behaviors that can lead to mastery, self-actualization, and improved health outcomes. We propose both a definition of health assets and a descriptive model of its components and relationships.
Hallmarks of Health
(1 days ago) Health is usually defined as the absence of pathology. Here, we endeavor to define health as a compendium of organizational and dynamic features that maintain physiology. The biological causes or hallmarks of health include features of spatial compartmentalization (integrity of …
Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions
(1 days ago) The key factors affecting health in cities can be considered within three broad themes: the physical environment, the social environment, and access to health and social services. The methodologic and conceptual challenges facing the study of urban health, arising both from the limitations of the research to date and from the complexities
Updating Health Literacy for Healthy People 2030: Defining
(1 days ago) Content: Healthy People 2030 (HP2030), the fifth iteration of the Healthy People initiative, provides science-based national health objectives with targets to improve the health and well-being of Americans. For the first time since its 1979 establishment, the Healthy People framework aims to attain health literacy as an Overarching Goal and Foundational Principle to achieving health and well
Health literacy and the social determinants of health: a
(1 days ago) Health literacy, ‘the personal characteristics and social resources needed for individuals and communities to access, understand, appraise and use information and services to make decisions about health’, is key to improving peoples’ control over modifiable social determinants of health (SDH).
The World Health Organization Health and Work Performance
(1 days ago) This report describes the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ), a self-report instrument designed to estimate the workplace costs of health problems in terms of reduced job performance, sickness absence, and work-related accidents-injuries. Calibration data are p …
Creatine Supplementation and Brain Health
(1 days ago) There is a robust and compelling body of evidence supporting the ergogenic and therapeutic role of creatine supplementation in muscle. Beyond these well-described effects and mechanisms, there is literature to suggest that creatine may also be beneficial to brain health (e.g., cognitive processing, brain function, and recovery from trauma).
Health management information system: a tool to gauge
(1 days ago) The health management information system (HMIS) is an instrument which could be used to improve patient satisfaction with health services by tracking certain dimensions of service quality. Quality can be checked by comparing perceptions of services delivered with the expected standards. The objectiv …
US Health Care Spending by Payer and Health Condition
(1 days ago) Importance: US health care spending has continued to increase and now accounts for 18% of the US economy, although little is known about how spending on each health condition varies by payer, and how these amounts have changed over time. Objective: To estimate US spending on health care according to 3 types of payers (public insurance [including Medicare, Medicaid, and other government
Health Care Spending in the United States and Other High
(1 days ago) Importance: Health care spending in the United States is a major concern and is higher than in other high-income countries, but there is little evidence that efforts to reform US health care delivery have had a meaningful influence on controlling health care spending and costs. Objective: To compare potential drivers of spending, such as structural capacity and utilization, in the United
Health literacy: what is it
(1 days ago) The concept of health literacy evolved from a history of defining, redefining, and quantifying the functional literacy needs of the adult population. Along with these changes has come the recognition that sophisticated literacy skills are increasingly needed to function in society and that low liter …
Patient education and health literacy
(1 days ago) Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course.
Increased Inequalities in Health Resource and Access to
(1 days ago) Health professionals and hospital beds per 1000 population were used for measuring health resources, and the hospitalization rate was used for access. Descriptive analysis and the fixed effect model were used in this study. Health resources and access increased by about 50% between 2008 and 2014 in rural China.
Application of health behaviour theory to sleep health
(1 days ago) Health behaviour theory (HBT) has been used for decades to successfully predict and modify many health behaviours, but its use in the study of sleep health is rare. The purpose of this review is threefold. First, four dominant HBTs will be introduced. Second, the brief literature on HBT and sleep health …
Side Effects, Physical Health Consequences, and Mortality
(1 days ago) 1 Ibis Reproductive Health, Oakland, California. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, California.
Health equity and COVID-19: global perspectives
(1 days ago) 19 Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA. 20 The Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Zefat, Israel. 21 Department of General Practice, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. 22 International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand.
The 2019 report of The Lancet Countdown on health and
(1 days ago) 24 The Integrated Development, Health and Environment Unit, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. 25 Centre for Health and the Global Environment, University of Washington, Washington, DC, USA. 26 Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK. 27 Health and Environment International Trust, Nelson, New Zealand.
Health insurance and access to health care in the United
(1 days ago) Health insurance, poverty, and health are all interconnected in the United States. This article synthesizes a large and compelling body of health services research, finding a strong association between health insurance coverage and access to primary and preventive care, the treatment of acute and traumatic conditions, and the medical management of chronic illness.
Health, United States, 2015: With Special Feature on
(1 days ago) Health, United States, 2015 is the 39th report on the health status of the nation and is submitted by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to the President and the Congress of the United States in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Service Act. This report was compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Health
Biological basis of determinants of health
(1 days ago) Clinical medicine and health policy planning find common cause as they seek to define the determinants of health. There is substantial recent interest in the social ecology in which health is embedded. However, biology is where these contributing environmental factors are …
Health literacy and COVID-19
(1 days ago) In early 2020, the world experienced an unprecedented health crisis. When the pandemic of coronavirus was declared by the World Health Organization, it brought with it sudden and dramatic changes to everyday life. In the UK, the key message from the Government was to …
Suicide among physicians and health-care workers: A
(1 days ago) 9 Centre for Health and Exercise Science Research, Department of Sport, Physical Education and Health, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong. 10 French Armed Forces Biomedical Research Institute-IRBA, Neurophysiology of Stress, Neuroscience and Operational Constraint Department, Brétigny-sur-Orge, France.
COVID-19 and mental health: A review of the existing
(1 days ago) The COVID-19 pandemic is a major health crisis affecting several nations, with over 720,000 cases and 33,000 confirmed deaths reported to date. Such widespread outbreaks are associated with adverse mental health consequences. Keeping this in mind, existing literature on the COVID-19 outbreak pertine …
Health care in China: improvement, challenges, and reform
(1 days ago) Over the past 2 decades, significant progress has been made in improving the health-care system and people's health conditions in China. Following rapid economic growth and social development, China's health-care system is facing new challenges, such as increased health-care demands and expenditure, inefficient use of health-care resources, unsatisfying implementation of disease management
The effectiveness of health literacy interventions on the
(1 days ago) "Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgments and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life
Urban Green Space and Its Impact on Human Health
(1 days ago) While there have been numerous reviews of empirical studies on the link between nature and human health, very few have focused on the urban context, and most have examined almost exclusively cross-sectional research. This review is a first step toward assessing the possibility of causal relationships between nature and health in urban settings.
Health Benefits and Chemical Composition of Matcha Green
(1 days ago) Its health-promoting properties are attributed to the high content of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substances. Studies confirming the high antioxidant potential of tea beverages claim that it originates from the considerable content of catechins, a type of phenolic compound with beneficial effects on human health.
Health inequalities among British civil servants: the
(Just Now) Health inequalities among British civil servants: the Whitehall II study Lancet. 1991 Jun 8;337(8754):1387-93. doi: 10.1016/0140-6736(91)93068-k. Authors M G Marmot 1 , G D Smith, S Stansfeld, C Patel, F North, J Head, I White, E Brunner, A Feeney. Affiliation 1 Department of
Addressing the mental health impact of COVID-19 through
(1 days ago) The COVID-19 pandemic has and will continue to result in negative mental health outcomes such as depression, anxiety and traumatic stress in people and populations throughout the world. A population mental health perspective informed by clinical psychology, psychiatry and dissemination and implement …
Updating the determinants of health model in the
(1 days ago) In 1991, Dahlgren and Whitehead produced a highly influential model of the determinants of health that has since been used by numerous national and international public health organizations globally. The purpose of the model is to enable interventions that improve health to be addressed at four key …