The Meanings of Health and its Promotion
The Constitution of the World Health Organization, which came into force on April 7, 1948, defined health “as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.” The writers of the Constitution were clearly aware of the tendency of seeing health as a state dependent on the presence or
Actived: 3 days ago
The Role of Public Health Institutions in Global Health
(3 days ago) Health systems are certainly complex, and specific activities need to address and adapt to local contexts . However, we believe that if these functions are themselves strengthened, they would in turn have the greatest impact on strengthening the health system as a whole and, therefore, have the greatest impact on the public's health.
Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health …
(3 days ago) First, health is a prerequisite for education: hungry children or children who cannot hear well, or who have chronic toothaches, eg, are hindered in their learning. 5 Second, education about health (ie, health education) occurs within schools and in many public health interventions; it is a central tool of public health. 6 Third, physical
Factors That Affect Health-Care Utilization
(5 days ago) ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE. Access to health care is defined as having timely use of personal health services to achieve the best possible health outcome ().Access requires gaining entry into the health-care system, getting access to sites of care where patients can receive needed services, and finding providers who meet the needs of patients and with whom patients can develop a relationship based
The Impact of Social and Cultural Environment on Health
(4 days ago) Health is determined by several factors including genetic inheritance, personal behaviors, access to quality health care, and the general external environment (such as the quality of air, water, and housing conditions). In addition, a growing body of research has documented associations between social and cultural factors and health (Berkman and Kawachi, 2000; Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).
Impact of Incarceration on Health
(5 days ago) As reported by several participants, individuals enter correctional facilities with many health problems; and incarceration has an impact on their health. Evidence was presented that many are released (especially from jails, given the high turnover rate)—and too often are re-incarcerated—with pressing health needs. Participants in the workshop discussed the impact of incarceration on
Wearable Health Devices in Health Care: Narrative
(3 days ago) In the field of health care, wearable devices in the form of portable medical or health electronic devices that can be directly worn on the body can be used to perceive, record, analyze, regulate, and intervene to maintain health and can even be used to treat diseases with the support of various technologies for identification, sensing
Washington State's Fruit and Vegetable Prescription
(1 days ago) Intervention approach: The Washington State Department of Health (WA DOH) partnered with public and private health care systems, public health agencies, a community-based organization, and a supermarket chain to launch a fruit and vegetable prescription program in 2016. The prescription was a $10 voucher redeemable for fruits and vegetables at
The projected costs and benefits of a supervised injection
(1 days ago) These health benefits correspond to a monetary value of $5,156,019. The annual estimated cost of running the SIF is $1,222,332. The corresponding cost-benefit ratio suggests that the pilot SIF would generate $4.22 for every dollar spent on SIF operational costs. The pilot SIF is projected to save the healthcare system $534,453.
Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
(3 days ago) A number of integrative health organizations encourage members to model healthy lifestyle behaviors, including the Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine 40 and the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians. 41 Among some integrative health educational institutions, a culture of wellness exists, where healthy food choices are readily
Sociology and Health
(3 days ago) Health Problems as Social Problems. The historical focus of sociology is on social problems in human society. Social problems include health problems, crime , deviance, violence , poverty , inequality, population problems, delinquency, and institutional instability.
Health Problems of Homeless People
(5 days ago) Health Problems That Result from Being Homeless. Homelessness increases the risk of developing health problems such as diseases of the extremities and skin disorders; it increases the possibility of trauma, especially as a result of physical assault or rape (Kelly, 1985). 2 It can also turn a relatively minor health problem into a serious illness, as can be seen by the case of Doris Foy:
Health Applications of the Internet
(4 days ago) Many health-related processes stand to be reshaped by the Internet. In clinical settings, the Internet enables care providers to gain rapid access to information that can aid in the diagnosis of health conditions or the development of suitable treatment plans. It can make patient records, test results, and practice guidelines accessible from the examination room.
Physical multimorbidity, health service use, and
(1 days ago) Background: Multimorbidity, the presence of two or more mental or physical chronic non-communicable diseases, is a major challenge for the health system in China, which faces unprecedented ageing of its population. Here we examined the distribution of physical multimorbidity in relation to socioeconomic status; the association between physical multimorbidity, health-care service use, and
Public Health: Poverty and health
(3 days ago) Health and poverty are inextricably intertwined. Being able to breast-feed, attend school, work to grow food, earn a living or feed a family all depend on a baseline level of good health. Yet, when more than a billion people live on less than $1 per day and 2 billion on less than $2 a day, many have
Health Care Services for Homeless People
(5 days ago) To the extent that homeless people have been able to obtain needed health care services, they have relied on emergency rooms, clinics, hospitals, and other facilities that serve the poor. Indigent people (with or without a home) experience many obstacles in obtaining health care. For homeless people there are additional barriers. Recognition of the special health care needs of homeless people
Health equity and COVID-19: global perspectives
(1 days ago) 19 Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA. 20 The Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Zefat, Israel. 21 Department of General Practice, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. 22 International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand.
Sedentary Lifestyle: Overview of Updated Evidence of
(3 days ago) Health outcomes also vary depending on the type of sedentary behavior and watching television led to the worst outcomes. This may be attributable to the fact that television watching is a passive sedentary behavior and that people often consume snacks while watching television. Therefore, among the various types of sedentary behaviors
Health literacy is associated with health behaviour and
(1 days ago) Background Health literacy may constitute a modifiable determinant of health behaviour and affect cardiovascular disease prevention. This study investigates the associations between health literacy and health behaviour as well as health status. Design A cross-sectional study on a population-based sa …
Health at Every Size: Toward a New Paradigm of Weight and
(3 days ago) Health at Every Size: Major Components. HAES offers an effective, compassionate alternative to the failures of traditional approaches. There is a significant body of literature that clearly demonstrates that most so called weight-related problems can …
COVID-19 pandemic: Is teenagers' health in crisis
(1 days ago) The measures of mental health: Length of screen time, with a median length of 6 h in comparison to four before lockdown (SD between 1.48 and 3.3), however, it remained stagnant over the study period and participants did not experience a further increase; The number of hours spent on social media also increased, with an increasing number of
Effects of Health Insurance on Health
(5 days ago) This chapter presents the Committee's review of studies that address the impact of health insurance on various health-related outcomes. It examines research on the relationship between health insurance (or lack of insurance), use of medical care and health outcomes for specific conditions and types of services, and with overall health status and mortality. There is a consistent, positive
Tools and Strategies for Quality Improvement and Patient
(3 days ago) Background. The necessity for quality and safety improvement initiatives permeates health care. 1, 2 Quality health care is defined as “the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge” 3 (p. 1161). According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, To Err Is Human
The State of Health Disparities in the United States
(5 days ago) HEALTH DISPARITIES. For the purposes of this report, health disparities are differences that exist among specific population groups in the United States in the attainment of full health potential that can be measured by differences in incidence, prevalence, mortality, burden of disease, and other adverse health conditions ().While the term disparities is often used or interpreted to reflect
Types of intervention and their development
(5 days ago) This book is about the evaluation of the effectiveness of health-related interventions. We use the term ‘intervention’ to apply to any activity undertaken with the objective of improving human health by preventing disease, by curing or reducing the severity or duration of an existing disease, or by restoring function lost through disease or injury.
Definitions of health-care settings and other related
(5 days ago) Other health-care providers (including community health workers). All workers who respond to the national definition of health-care providers and are neither physicians/doctors, midwives, nurses, pharmacists, or dentists.
Updating Health Literacy for Healthy People 2030: Defining
(1 days ago) Content: Healthy People 2030 (HP2030), the fifth iteration of the Healthy People initiative, provides science-based national health objectives with targets to improve the health and well-being of Americans. For the first time since its 1979 establishment, the Healthy People framework aims to attain health literacy as an Overarching Goal and Foundational Principle to achieving health and well
Social Determinants and Health Behaviors: Conceptual
(3 days ago) Health behaviors are frequently discussed as individual-level behaviors, but they can be measured and summarized for individuals, groups, or populations. Health behaviors are dynamic, varying over the lifespan, across cohorts, across settings, and over time. With smoking in the U.S, for example, the likelihood of initiation varies with age.
Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Physical and
(3 days ago) 1. Introduction. The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES)and health has been studied for a long time. In the 1960s, academics generally believed that with medical technology and economic development, health inequality would be reduced, at least in developed countries .However, in the 1980s, Black found that health inequality in Britain has not only not diminished, but …
Gardening for health: a regular dose of gardening
(3 days ago) Intelligent Health points out that the pandemic of physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of premature death, and contributes to preventable physical and mental disorders. 46 The Department of Health calculates that an increase of only 10% in average exercise by adults would postpone 6000 deaths and save £500 million annually. 47
Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health
(4 days ago) Health has a number of dimensions, including diseases and conditions, functioning loss, disability, and death (Verbrugge and Jette, 1994). The process of health change for populations can be thought of as beginning with the onset of diseases and conditions, which can lead to functioning loss and impairment and eventually disability and death.
Prevalence of Health Misinformation on Social Media
(1 days ago) The prevalence of health misinformation was the highest on Twitter and on issues related to smoking products and drugs. However, misinformation on major public health issues, such as vaccines and diseases, was also high. Our study offers a comprehensive characterization of the dominant health …
Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing
(1 days ago) Subjective wellbeing and health are closely linked to age. Three aspects of subjective wellbeing can be distinguished-evaluative wellbeing (or life satisfaction), hedonic wellbeing (feelings of happiness, sadness, anger, stress, and pain), and eudemonic wellbeing (sense of purpose and meaning in life).
The Most Important Social Determinants of Slum Dwellers
(3 days ago) Results. Thirty-three articles were selected to extract information on the social determinants of health. After reviewing the articles, 7 main dimensions (housing, socioeconomic status of the family, nutrition, neighborhood characteristics, social support and social capital, occupational factors, and health behaviors) and 87 components were extracted as social determinants of health among slum
Covid-19 Breakthrough Infections in Vaccinated Health Care
(1 days ago) Among fully vaccinated health care workers, the occurrence of breakthrough infections with SARS-CoV-2 was correlated with neutralizing antibody titers during the peri-infection period. Most breakthrough infections were mild or asymptomatic, although persistent symptoms did occur.
Impact of Vaccines; Health, Economic and Social Perspectives
(3 days ago) Public health infrastructure and personnel could be used to promote other important messages and health education (Shearley, 1999), relating to malnutrition, hygiene and sanitation and preventable diseases such as malaria and HIV infection. Global drivers are also key, as demonstrated by the establishment of the EPI in 1974, when all countries
SDG3-related inequalities in women's, children's and
(1 days ago) Regional averages hide important health inequalities between countries, but national estimates hide still greater inequalities between subgroups of women, children and adolescents. To achieve the SDG3 targets and leave no one behind, it is essential to close health inequality gaps within as well as …
Why measuring outcomes is important in health care
(3 days ago) Traditional health care systems have rewarded volume over value, creating fee‐for‐service or procedure‐based payment and delivery systems that are highly fragmented, siloed, and disconnected.5 Health care spending has increased unsustainably to approximately double the rate of gross domestic product growth in most developed countries.6
Cannabis, cannabinoids, and health
(3 days ago) Cannabis (also known as marijuana) is the most frequently used illicit psychoactive substance in the world. Though it was long considered to be a “soft” drug, studies have proven the harmful psychiatric and addictive effects associated with its use.
Post-translationally Abnormal Collagens of Prolyl 3
(3 days ago) * This work was supported, in whole or in part, by National Institutes of Health Grants AR37694 and AR37318 from NIAMS (to D. R. E.), HD22657 and HD070394 from NICHD (to B. H. L. and D. R. E.), AR063616 from NIAMS (to K. S. J.), P30 HD024064 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD (to the Baylor College of Medicine Intellectual and Developmental
Role of Health Information Technology in Addressing Health
(1 days ago) Over the last decade, health information technology (IT) has dramatically transformed medical practice in the United States. On May 11-12, 2017, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, in partnership with the National Science Foundation and the National Health IT Collaborative for the Underserved, convened a scientific workshop, "Addressing Health Disparities with
Quantitative proteomic profiling of extracellular matrix
(3 days ago) Thus, quantifying the occupancy (fraction of COL1A1 molecules containing 3-HyP at a specific site) of different 3-HyP sites holds premier importance in health and disease. Here, we have optimized and validated an MS 1 based quantitative pipeline for the relative quantitation of post-translationally modified peptides between two or more
Who Are the Homeless
(5 days ago) Subsequently, the Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, in cooperation with the committee, funded a more detailed analysis of this issue. This included site visits to rural areas in Alabama, Mississippi, Minnesota, and South Dakota.
Government regulation of private health insurance
(1 days ago) Background: The strain on public resources to meet the healthcare needs of populations through publicly-provided health insurance programmes is increasing and many governments turn to private health insurance (PHI) to ease the pressure on government budgets. With the goal of improving access to basic health care for citizens through PHI programmes, several high-income countries have developed
What Is Population Health
(3 days ago) Population health is a relatively new term that has not yet been precisely defined. Is it a concept of health or a field of study of health determinants? We propose that the definition be “the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group,” and we argue that the field of population
The Value and Importance of Health Information Privacy
(3 days ago) Ethical health research and privacy protections both provide valuable benefits to society. Health research is vital to improving human health and health care. Protecting patients involved in research from harm and preserving their rights is essential to ethical research. The primary justification for protecting personal privacy is to protect the interests of individuals.