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How should we define health

Mental health. In the mental domain Antonovsky describes the “sense of coherence” as a factor that contributes to a successful capacity to cope, recover from strong psychological stress, and prevent post-traumatic stress disorders.12 13 The sense of coherence includes the subjective faculties enhancing the comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness of a difficult situation.

Actived: 6 days ago

URL: https://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4163.full

What is health information

(Just Now) Information is an ethereal commodity. One definition describes it as the data and knowledge that intelligent systems (human and artificial) use to support their decisions. Health informatics helps doctors with their decisions and actions, and improves patient outcomes by making better use of information—making more efficient the way patient data and medical knowledge is captured, processed

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Democracy and Health The BMJ

(Just Now) This collection was launched at the World Health Summit, 25-27 October 2020, Berlin, Germany.Funding for the articles, including open access fees, was provided by a grant from Bloomberg Philanthropies to the Council on Foreign Relations, support from the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung to the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

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Brain Health The BMJ

(2 days ago) Improving brain health by identifying structure-function relations in patients with neurosurgical disorders. Use of new technology to map which parts of the brain control different functions is leading to better treatment of patients with neurosurgical disorders, say Liwei Zhang and colleagues. Decoding the brain through research—the future

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Health, health promotion, and homelessness The …

(Just Now) Health and housing. At one level, the health condition of homeless people is a product of housing policy.3 Over the past two decades in Britain, the shift from subsidised public renting to subsidised owner occupation has reduced the social role of housing and has pushed health issues down the housing agenda. Furthermore, evidence suggests that people with health problems are losing their

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Health and Care Bill: What changes do healthcare …

(1 days ago) The BMA has said it won’t back the government’s Health and Care Bill. With the bill passing its second reading in the House of Commons, Gareth Iacobucci looks at the proposals The legislation has two major aims.1 The first is to remove legal barriers to integrating healthcare in England by ending the internal market and reversing most of former health secretary Andrew Lansley’s

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England’s new health and care bill The BMJ

(1 days ago) The health secretary gains sweeping new powers, with unclear consequences for patients The NHS in England is about to be reorganised (again). On 6 July, the UK government published the Health and Care Bill 2021-22,1 which details plans for changes to NHS rules and structures in England. Parliamentarians will start debating the bill this week, and government wants the changes in place by April

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Patients' experience with a diabetes support …

(6 days ago) 1 Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative, 1730 Minor Avenue, Suite 1600, Seattle, WA 98101-1448, USA, 2 University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Department of Health Services, Box 357660, Seattle, WA 98195-7660,

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Income inequality and firearm homicide in the US: a …

(Just Now) etal and health consequences. Relative deprivation is associated with shortened life span, poor health and lower levels of well-being beyond the influence of absolute deprivation.5–9 Violence, a major public health problem in the US, is a sensitive indicator of social relations.10 11 Violence is most prevalent in societies that permit -

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New public health body will be responsible for …

(1 days ago) 2 days ago · The organisation set to take over Public Health England’s leadership role in health promotion and illness prevention from 1 October will be called the Office for Health Improvement and Disparities to underline the government’s commitment to “level up” health, the health and social care secretary Sajid Javid has announced. It had been expected that it would be called the Office for

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Poverty, health, and covid-19 The BMJ

(Just Now) Even before covid-19, extremely disturbing trends in health were emerging in England. Growing child poverty, homelessness, and food poverty led to an unprecedented rise in infant mortality, mental health problems, and stalling life expectancy, especially for women in the poorest areas and cities. 1 These were the same areas where 10 years of

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Priorities for the new health secretary The BMJ

(1 days ago) The backlog, the workforce, social care, and tackling inequalities England has a new secretary of state for health and social care. Sajid Javid—previously the chancellor, in charge of public finances in 2019 and early 2020—was appointed health secretary on 26 June. He replaces Matt Hancock, who resigned after images emerged of him kissing his aide Gina Coladangelo, in a breach of his own

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Health literacy The BMJ

(1 days ago) The ability to read and understand health information has been characterised over the past 20-30 years as “health literacy,” with the focus simply being on whether people could read and understand information, but the term has now developed a much wider scope. It now encompasses clinical risk (which focuses on screening for low literacy and

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Covid-19, unemployment, and health: time for deeper

(1 days ago) Covid-19 has been a dramatic global health and economic shock. As SARS-CoV-2 spread across nations, economic activity plummeted, first as individuals changed their behaviour and then as government “lockdowns” took effect.1 Macroeconomic forecasters foresee a major recession continuing through 2020 and into 2021.2 Although the governments of many nations have taken novel steps to protect

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Sex, health, and years of sexually active life gained due

(Just Now) Objectives To examine the relation between health and several dimensions of sexuality and to estimate years of sexually active life across sex and health groups in middle aged and older adults. Design Cross sectional study. Setting Two samples representative of the US population: MIDUS (the national survey of midlife development in the United States, 1995-6) and NSHAP (the national social life

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The world health organisation needs to reconsider its

(1 days ago) The World Health Organisation's definition of health seems to work against its effective functioning. When the WHO was established nearly half a century ago the text of its constitution defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”1 This by now classical definition of health, conceived in the aftermath of

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Health: perception versus observation The BMJ

(Just Now) Critical scrutiny of public health care and medical strategy depends, among other things, on how individual states of health and illness are assessed. One of the complications in evaluating health states arises from the fact that a person's own understanding of his or her health may not accord with the appraisal of medical experts. More generally, there is a conceptual contrast between

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How should health be defined

(6 days ago) This lofty goal was coupled with an equally ambitious opening statement that defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” 1. This definition invited nations to expand the conceptual framework of their health systems beyond the traditional boundaries set by

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Mobile health and privacy: cross sectional study The …

(1 days ago) Objectives To investigate whether and what user data are collected by health related mobile applications (mHealth apps), to characterise the privacy conduct of all the available mHealth apps on Google Play, and to gauge the associated risks to privacy. Design Cross sectional study Setting Health related apps developed for the Android mobile platform, available in the Google Play store in

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Disease, illness, sickness, health, healing and wholeness

(3 days ago) Concepts such as disease and health can be difficult to define precisely. Part of the reason for this is that they embody value judgments and are rooted in metaphor. The precise meaning of terms like health, healing and wholeness is likely to remain elusive, because the disconcerting openness of the outlook gained from experience alone resists the reduction of first-person judgments (including

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HEALTH PROMOTION IN THE WORKPLACE: FRAMING …

(6 days ago) The term “health promotion in the workplace” is a multidimensional concept that embraces at least two major philosophies about what health is and how it is influenced. The first philosophy sees health as largely the product of individual behaviour and as an individual responsibility. It may acknowledge the role of genetics and environment to some degree, but the type of health promotion

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Health in South Asia The BMJ

(Just Now) The BMJ's collection on "Health in South Asia" brings together leading health experts from across the region to discuss health priorities and advance the health agenda for the future.South Asia represents a vibrant, dynamic, and fast growing region of the world and is home to nearly a quarter of the world's population.

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Decolonising global health in 2021: a roadmap to …

(3 days ago) health sector that attempts to assimilate other cultures within a Western, ethno- centrist and neoliberal approach to global health practice. There is an opportunity to build on the momentum of 2020, which has been instrumental in drawing wide-spread attention to unjust practices in global health. But

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Socioeconomic determinants of health : Health and …

(1 days ago) Throughout the world, wealth and income are becoming more concentrated. Growing evidence suggests that the distribution of income–in addition to the absolute standard of living enjoyed by the poor–is a key determinant of population health. A large gap between rich people and poor people leads to higher mortality through the breakdown of social cohesion.

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Capabilities and health Journal of Medical Ethics

(6 days ago) ethics. health economics. The capabilities approach developed by Amartya Sen 1 and expanded further in conjunction with Nussbaum and others, 2 emerged as a response to theoretical difficulties in the conventional approach to welfare economics. One key insight is that welfare economics (whether applied to health or not) works by identifying

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Health equity in England: the Marmot review 10 years …

(5 days ago) Ten years after the landmark review on health inequalities in England, coauthor Michael Marmot says the situation has become worse Britain has lost a decade. And it shows. Health, as measured by life expectancy, has stopped improving, and health inequalities are growing wider. Improvement in life expectancy, from the end of the 19th century on, started slowing dramatically in 2011.

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Basic concepts in population health and health care

(7 days ago) Access and use (1) Accessibility (of health services): aspects of the structure of health services or health facilities that enhance the ability of people to reach a health care practitioner, in terms of location, time, and ease of approach. (2) Access (to health services): the perceptions and experiences of people as to their ease in reaching health services or health facilities in terms of

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Understanding the basic concepts of public health

(9 days ago) Public health surveillance has been defined as the ongoing collection, analysis, and interpretation of health data essential to public health practice, closely integrated with timely dissemination of information for intervention. This is analogous to a 24 hour surveillance camera (data collection) under the watchful eyes of guards (data analysis and interpretation) who have telephone access

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Racism and health The BMJ

(9 days ago) Public health is the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through the organised efforts of society. One of the chief responsibilities of public health medicine is fostering policies that promote health. I argue that countering racism should be considered a public health issue.

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Health effects of housing improvement: systematic …

(Just Now) Objective: To review the evidence on the effects of interventions to improve housing on health. Design: Systematic review of experimental and non-experimental housing intervention studies that measured quantitative health outcomes. Data sources: Studies dating from 1887, in any language or format, identified from clinical, social science, and grey literature databases, personal collections

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Feasibility of health systems strengthening in South …

(4 days ago) Objective To explore the feasibility of health systems strengthening from the perspective of international healthcare implementers and donors in South Sudan. Design A qualitative interview study, with thematic analysis using the WHO health system building blocks framework. Setting South Sudan. Participants 17 health system practitioners, working for international agencies in South Sudan, were

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Global Health Initiatives BMJ

(9 days ago) Health professionals can struggle to get published and keep up with the latest in evidence-based medicine. We provide governments with the technical expertise and international best practices they need to build workable and rigorous accreditation and research systems. Together, we work to improve health outcomes.

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Public health decisions in the COVID-19 pandemic …

(6 days ago) Public health decisions always involve layers of complexity, coupled with uncertainty, where trade-offs between competing policy goals and relative utilities, on the one hand, and objective values and principled reasons—which are not easily quantifiable—on the other hand,

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Responsibility in healthcare across time and agents

(7 days ago) It is unclear whether someone’s responsibility for developing a disease or maintaining his or her health should affect what healthcare he or she receives. While this dispute continues, we suggest that, if responsibility is to play a role in healthcare, the concept must be rethought in order to reflect the sense in which many health-related behaviours occur repeatedly over time and are the

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Jane Austen’s lifelong health problems and final illness

(3 days ago) Jane Austen is typically described as having excellent health until the age of 40 and the onset of a mysterious and fatal illness, initially identified by Sir Zachary Cope in 1964 as Addison’s disease. Her biographers, deceived both by Cassandra Austen’s destruction of letters containing medical detail, and the cheerful high spirits of the existing letters, have seriously underestimated

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What is a public health observatory

(7 days ago) Regional health observatories can already be found in many parts of Europe (France, Italy, Belgium, Switzerland), and superficially these organisations seem to have much in common. Thirdly, if the trend of labelling an increasing number of institutions “observatories” continues, then there is a danger of the title becoming clichéd and

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Responsibility for health: personal, social, and

(6 days ago) Most of the discussion in bioethics and health policy concerning social responsibility for health has focused on society’s obligation to provide access to healthcare. While ensuring access to healthcare is an important social responsibility, societies can promote health in many other ways, such as through sanitation, pollution control, food and drug safety, health education, disease

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MIlitary Combat Mental Health Framework BMJ …

(8 days ago) This paper describes a framework for understanding military combat mental health based on the possible mental ill-health consequences of exposure to ‘potential trauma events’ for members of the armed forces and after their military service as veterans. It uses a life course approach that maps an individual’s mental well-being against four ‘states’: fit, reacting, injured and ill.

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Basic concepts in medical informatics Journal of

(8 days ago) Medical informatics is the study and application of methods to improve the management of patient data, clinical knowledge, population data, and other information relevant to patient care and community health. It is a young science, which emerged in the decades after the invention of the digital computer in the 1940s.

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What mean by appropriate health care

(8 days ago) the circumstances. Health professionals and the lay public alike also talk and write about the appropriateness of health care inter-ventions in the same sense. It is important therefore to attempt to define what is appro-priate and to distinguish this from effective-ness and efficiency. Definitions Efficacy is the ability of a health

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Women’s, children’s, and adolescents’ health The BMJ

(6 days ago) The year 2015 marked a defining moment for the health of women, children, and adolescents. It is the end point of the United Nations’ millennium development goals, and their transition to the sustainable development goals. It was also the 20th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development’s plan of action and the Beijing Declaration and platform of action.

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Development and initial testing of a Health Confidence

(Just Now) Methods The Health Confidence Score (HCS) was developed through literature review, patient and expert focus groups and discussions. This paper reports an initial survey (n = 1031, study 1) which identified some issues and a further face-to-face survey (n = 378, study 2) to test the …

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China’s Health System Reforms: Review of 10 Years …

(8 days ago) lished Opinions on Deepening Health System Reform,1 a political commit-ment to establishing an accessible, equitable, affordable, and efficient health system to cover all people by 2020. 2 Health is a public right in China, and the health service is delivered and regulated by central and local governments.3 As …

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Understanding the needs of veterans

(8 days ago) Mental health profiles. PTSD appears to be the most frequently endorsed mental health difficulty in treatment-seeking veterans.24 This contrasts with the wider veteran population where common mental health difficulties such as anxiety and depression are the most prevalent reported mental health difficulty.4 However, this is perhaps unsurprising as evidence clearly demonstrates that individuals

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Associations between fitness, physical activity and …

(6 days ago) Objectives To examine relationships between fitness, physical activity and psychosocial problems among English secondary school pupils and to explore how components of physically active lifestyles are associated with mental health and well-being. Methods A total of 7385 participants aged 11–13 took a fitness test and completed self-reported measures of physical activity, attitudes to

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History of health, a valuable tool in public health

(7 days ago) History and public health. It is worth remembering that during the 18th and early 19th century there was a mutual hybridisation between history and epidemiology (that is, the science of epidemics, or diseases affecting large numbers of a given population), with the first pragmatically used as a source of practical knowledge and the second contributing to the creation of the history of medicine

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Primary, secondary and tertiary effects of eco …

(1 days ago) health to all.16 17 A minority view holds that global health refers to ‘transnational impacts of global-isation upon health determinants and health problems, beyond the control of individual nations.’18 We sympathise with this view because it implicitly recognises that global health applies to the world’s population, rather than only people

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